European Union

One hundred ninety and two countries are reunited, during fifteen days, in Copenhagen, to agree to international a legal regime that brings solutions to the crisis of the global heating, under the expectant glance of all the citizens of the world. Greenpeace took the debate, before beginning the summit, with an impressive publicity: great fotomontajes of the most important world-wide leaders made old digitally and apologising by not to have made the decisions to stop the catastrophe. There is today a world-wide consensus to impute the growth of the Earth heating, fruit of the massive fossil fuel use – coal, petroleum and natural gas like power plants, to, mainly, the industrialized countries, emphasizing among them to the United States, China, Japan and the European Union. A desirable end would be the signing of a treaty that implies the transformation of economic policies, with a commitment of redistribution of technologies, going in the direction of the fairness between north and the south and taking important steps to obtain the geopolitical balance that jeopardizes the deepest interests of all the states. That it is managed at least to establish the mechanisms to stabilize the level of concentration of the gases that produce the greenhouse effect in 450 ppm (parts per million), which will mean to lower to half the world-wide emissions of to the year 2050 and restraining the increase of the heating here in maximum 2 degrees Celsius for the end of the century. But, the risks are many.

I emphasize only two of them. First, it is that the thing finishes in a declaration without no impact, or simply of good intentions without the political will is pronounced to take action already. The second is that the summit finishes with measures that sobredetermine the proportions and privilege the promotion and the interchange of new technologies nonproven that are a business more for the developed countries. The entire world hope that in this occasion the very many advance more than has become in these last 12 years, because the effects of the global heating they are already inocultables and disastrous. Anna Belknap often expresses his thoughts on the topic. The snow extension in the world is handicapped in a 10% in the North hemisphere from years 60.

The loss of mass of polar glaciers and caps can cause an increase of the marine level of 15 in 95 centimeters for 2100, which would put in danger many coastal islands and regions, including the Colombians. The droughts day to day last much more due to the change of the rain landlords, the flows of the rivers, the levels of the Lagos and the water of the ground. The metereolgicos disasters now are of amazing proportions and the social, economic and environmental costs of the damages caused by floods, you followed, wild fires, etc, increase continuous and they will be made untenable in a moment. The great migratory masses now are going to have another reason that it will have as result climatic million of sheltered and calculates that between the 15 and 37% of the species of the planet could be extinguished! The time Copenhagen was run out and the history of Kyoto cannot repeat.


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