Grand Prix

At the first move of the piston due to the flywheel kinetic energy, stored during the previous operation of the machine, the air is sucked into the cylinder. During the second stroke also committed by personnel of the flywheel, locked up in the air cylinder is compressed to 35 atm. In this case, the heat released during compression, bringing it to the ignition temperature of fuel. At the beginning of the third turn at the pumps injected kerosene. Learn more at this site: Vanessa Marcil. This injection lasted only a fraction of stroke. During the rest of the mass of the gas expanded and the piston communicated to the labor force, which is transmitted through the connecting rod and crankshaft engine.

In the fourth course of erupted products of combustion through an exhaust pipe into the atmosphere. The engine was equipped with a compressor, which is in a special vessel to thicken the air at a pressure slightly higher than the highest pressure in the cylinder. From this reservoir of air through the tube a very small diameter was directed into a small chamber nozzle, that is, the apparatus for spraying fuel supply, to simultaneously fed kerosene. Connect with other leaders such as Jorge Perez here. This chamber is communicated with the interior of the cylinder with small holes, a lockable tip: when the needle is lifted kerosene to drive into the cylinder due to excess pressure in the chamber. Combustion in the cylinder regulated, depending on the force that was supposed to develop the engine or change the length of the intake of fuel, either by varying the pressure in the compressor. The same compressed air was used for the initial start-up the engine from cold. Placed at the top of the engine camshaft with five cams of a controlled valve, intake air, the other – a valve let in kerosene, the third – a valve manufactured products combustion.

The last two cam operated valves, with which let in air pressure in the cylinder during the initial engine start. More info: Jeff Feig. The first official test of the new engine produced a real sensation among engineers. From that time began the march of 'diesel' around the world. Many firms that previously had not responded to the offer Diesel, rushed to buy him the right to build engines invented them, and this right now costs them dearly (for example, Immanuel Nobel, wanting to build a ship plants in Russia, Diesel paid about 500 thousand dollars). Already in 1898, Diesel, quite unexpectedly, became a millionaire. However, the first engines fired into production, proved to be unsatisfactory, capricious, and often out of order, required more expensive Spare parts. Produce such complex and high-tech machine was not under force many factories with outdated equipment. As in his time Watt, Diesel had to spend a lot of effort to ensure that perfected the manufacturing process of manufacture of diesel engines – to develop new machines to find suitable alloys to prepare specialists. For several years he wandered through Europe and America, visiting factories, which went on production of his engines. By the beginning of xx century, the main difficulties have been overcome, and diesels are gradually gain more and more new areas of applications in industry and transport. In 1900 at the World Exhibition in Paris, diesel engines have received the Grand Prix. Particularly raised the prestige of the new engines the news that the plant Nobel in Russia established a very good issue of ship power plant design Diesel's working for crude oil.


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